"During the last decades, a large number of scientific publications have described the genetic principles of coat colour and coat variation. Coat colours and coat variations are influenced by many hereditary factors. The DNA-tests are based on physiological effects in the body, in which the production and distribution of pigments result in many coat colour variants. In several cases, the coat colour of an animal may only be decided using DNA-tests.
The dilute gene (MLPH gene) is responsible for the intensity of the coat colour by affecting the distribution of melanin-containing cells. This gene is also known as the D-Locus and dilutes all colours. Besides the hair colour also the colour of the nose is diluted and the colour of the eyes lightens to amber. In some breeds however, the coat colour could not be explained by a previously detected MLPH mutation. Hence, a second MLPH variant must exist, which in fact could be identified in a study carried out in Chow Chows. The variant was denoted d2 in order to differentiate it from the formerly detected variant d, now called d1. The dilute dogs were all either compound heterozygous d1/d2 or homozygous d2/d2, whereas the non-dilute dogs carried at least one wildtype allele D. Besides Chow Chows, the d2 variant was found in Sloughis and Thai Ridgebacks.
Test specific information
Detailed information about Coat Colours and Coat Variation is presented at www.combibreed.com.
Most coat colours and coat types are usually visible directly after birth.
Turn Around Time
The turn-around-time of a test depends to a large extent on the logistics of sample transportation to the laboratory. After receiving the sample at the test location, you can normally expect the result within 10 working days. A longer delivery time applies to tests carried out by a Partner Lab.
Location of disease or trait
Genetic factors influencing coat colours and coat types are usually visible on the outside of an individual. Several factors may be hidden by the external variation.
This DNA test is available for the following breeds: Chow Chow, Sloughi, Thai Ridgeback Dog. Additional information is available in the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).
For this DNA test we accept the following materials: Blood EDTA, Blood Heparin, Semen, Tissue, Swab. Please contact Dr. Van Haeringen Laboratorium if you wish to submit other material as listed.
Coat colours and coat types are based on many genetic factors. For each factor, a separate test result will be returned.
Various genetic factors influencing coat colour and coat types are inherited in a dominant or recessive mode. Coat colours are influenced by a large number of genetic factors.
Severity of Disease
Factors influencing coat colour and coat types are usually not related to diseases.